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Verbs Express Mental Actions

Verbs do not necessarily express physical actions like the ones on the action verbs page. They can express mental actions too:
  • She considers the job done.
(The word considers is a verb. It expresses the mental activity to consider.)
  • Peter guessed the right number.
(The word guessed is a verb. It expresses the mental activity to guess.)
  • thought the same thing.
(The word thought is a verb. It expresses the mental activity to think.)

Mental verbs are different than active verbs

Mental verbs act somewhat differently than active verbs.  Some of the main differences are:
  • Most mental verbs are not used in [[progressive]] tenses.
  • When mental verbs, such as: see, hear, smell are used in the progressive, their meanings may be different from when they’re used in the simple tenses.
  • While mental verbs can be used with – used to, to talk about past habits, they cannot be used with would, to talk about past habits.
  • Mental verbs are usually used with the present perfect rather than the present perfect progressive to talk about states that started in the past and continue to the present.

Some mental verbs

Wonder, forget, annoy, pretend, consider, like, know, belong, love, realize, fit, hate, suppose, depend, own, [[astonish]], promise, [[impress]], surprise, doubt, imagine, concern, deny, agree.

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