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So and Neither

So

To agree that something is the same for you or somebody else.
 
Adrian
Me
A third person
I am going to the cinema.
So am I.
So is Trish.
I can play the piano.
So can I.
So can my brother.
I have been to London three times.
So have I.
So has my parents.
I am hungry.
So am I.
So is she.
 
 
This means that I am saying to Adrian that I am going to the cinema too. I can also say so is another person (third person) which means I am telling Adrian that this other person is also going to the cinema.
 
Since the sentence is in the positive and we are agree, we must start our sentence with the word So
 
The subject is I and we put the verb to be in the first person singular which is am. which gives us the phrases
  • So am I.
  • So is he.
  • So is she.
  • So are you.
  • So are they.
It is the same auxiliary verb, the verb to be but this time our subject is Trish.  Now Trish is the third person singular.
  • So is Trish
  • So is my brother.
  • So is my friend.
Here is the auxiliary verb can and we use can in our positive reply. 
  • So can Trish.
  • So can I.
  • So can she.
  • So can my teacher.
When we agreeing in the positive which has an auxiliary verb, then the form is:
 
So +  auxiliary verb + subject.
 
Caroline
Me
Third person
I like watching television.
So do I.
So does Mark.
I want to go to London.
So do I.
So does my brother.
I eat bread with every meal.
So do I.
So do my parents. 
I walked to university today.
So did I.
So did Mark 
 
When we are agreeing in the positive without auxiliary verbs, then we say:
 
So + verb to do + subject.
 
Neither
 
When we want to agree with somebody who is using the negative then we start the sentence with the word neither using the form Neither + auxiliary verb + subject.
  • Neither am I.
  • Neither can I.
David
Me
Third person
I am not going out tonight.
Neither am I.
Neither is Abi.
I can't hear the music.
Neither can I.
Neither can Adam.
I have never been to London.
Neither have I.
Neither have my parents.
I am not hungry.
Neither am I.
Neither is Fiona.
 
Negative without auxiliary verbs use the for Neither + verb to do  + subject.
  • Neither do I.
  • Neither does she.
  • Neither did he.
 
Laura
Me
Third person
I don't like tennis.
Neither do I.
Neither does Peter.
I don't want to go home.
Neither do I.
Neither does my sister.
I never drink beer.
Neither do I.
Neither do my parents.
I didn't walk to work today.
Neither did I.
Neither did Jacki.
 
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