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Verbs Express a State of Being

State of being verbs are a small group of verbs that do not express action. They are linking verbs. The verb be is the most important linking verb. The main purpose of this verb is to serve as a link that joins the subject to a word in the predicate that adds meaning to the subject.
 
The verbs which express a state of being are the ones which take a little practice to spot, but, actually, they are the most common. The most common verb is the verb to be. That's the one which goes:
 
Subject Past tense Present tense Future tense
I was am will be
You were are will be
He,She,It was is will be 
We were are will be 
You were are will be
They were are will be 

Some real examples:

  • Stephen is the tallest person in this class.

(The word is is a verb from the verb to be.)

  • It was a joke.

(The word was is a verb from the verb to be.)

  • I am.

(The word am is a verb from the verb to be.)

 
State of being verbs link the subject to a noun or adjectives in the predicate.
 
  • Bob is ill.

State of being verbs link the subject to a noun or pronoun in the predicate. ‘Is’ is part of the verb ‘be’. The word ‘ill’ is a predicate adjective that describes how Bob feels.

  • My friends were late.

State of being verbs link the subject to a noun or pronoun in the predicate. ‘Were’ is part of the verb ‘be’. The word ‘late’ is a predicate adjective that describes friends.

Some State of Being Verbs

Be, is, am, are, was, were, will, would, can, could, shall, should, may, might, must, have, has, had, do, did, does.

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