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Gerund

A gerund is a noun made from a verb by adding "-ing." The gerund form of the verb "read" is "reading."
 
Ending, happening, loving, linking, helping, spelling, giving, wanting, selling, buying, taking, wanting, trying, stopping, looking.
 
You can use a gerund as the subject, the complement, or the object of a sentence
 
As a subject of a Sentence
  • Eating people is wrong.
  • Hunting tigers is dangerous.
  • Flying makes me nervous.
  • Swimming is fun.

Gerund or Infinitive 

We use the Gerund or the Infinitive after the following verbs. There are two possible structures after these verbs.
 
Infinitive: verb + person + to-infinitive
 
Advise 
  • They advise walking to town. (gerund)
  • They advise us to walk to town. (Infinitive)
Allow    
  • They do not allow smoking here. (gerund)
  • They do not allow us to smoke here. (Infinitive)
Encourage
  • They encourage doing the test. (gerund)
  • They encourage us to do the test. (Infinitive)
Permit 
  • They do not permit smoking here. (gerund)
  • They do not permit us to smoke here. (Infinitive)

Two Confusing Situations

When a verb ends in -ing, it may be a gerund or a present participle. It is important to understand that they are not the same.
 
When we use a verb in -ing form more like a noun, it is usually a gerund:
  • Fishing is fun.
  • He liked skiing.
When we use a verb in -ing form more like a verb or an adjective, it is usually a present participle:
  • Dave is fishing.
  • I like to Ski.
After verbs of movement/position in the pattern: verb + present participle
  • I heard someone singing.
  • He saw his friend walking along the road.
  • I can smell something burning!
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