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Much and many   

We will look at the most common situations of when we use these two words. Not every situation but the most common situations.

Questions about quantity.

  • How many apples are there?
  • How many eggs are there?
  • How many bananas are there?
The first thing we can say is that all of these nouns are countable nouns. We have the noun in the plural with an s apples,eggs,bananas and the verb. This is the verb to be and it is the third person plural.
 
A countable noun is a separate object that we can count. It can only exist in the singular or plural. If we want to ask a question about quantity using countable nouns, then we use the expression how many?
 
Rule one :
 
We use many in questions about quantity. And it is with countable nouns in the plural.
  • How much milk is there?
  • How much cheese is there?
  • How much sugar is there?
We can not count uncountable nouns.

They are not separate objects and they are always in the singular. When we are using questions about quantity with uncountable nouns,then we use the expression how much?

Because it is an uncountable noun,the noun is always in the singularThe verb is always in the singular.
 
Rule two:
 
We use much in questions about quantity with uncountable nouns.
  • How much money is it?
  • How much will I get paid?
We use many in negative sentences to describe a small quantity with countable nouns in the plural.
  • There aren’t many apples.
  • There aren’t many bricks.
  • There aren’t many cherries.
We use much in negative sentences to describe a small quantity with uncountable nouns in the singular.
  • There isn’t much time.
  • There isn’t much food in the cupboard.
  • There isn’t much milk left.
Isn't is contracted form of is not.

Describe a large quantity 

As above we are describing a small quantity of an uncountable noun in a negative sentence, using the word much. Now we want to describe a large quantity using a positive sentence, this is slightly different.
 
We do not use much or many, we use an expression a lot of.
  • There are a lot of sweets.
  • There are a lot of books.
  • The fridge has a lot of space.
  • The fridge has much space.,
  • The fridge has many space.
And for countable nouns then the noun must go in the plural form with the letter s.
  • There are a lot of oranges.
  • There are many oranges.
  • There is a lot of chocolate.
  • There is much chocolate.
We do not use the word much when we are using a positive sentence to describe a large quantity, this is a mistake in English and we never really say it.
 
An alternative to a lot of is lots of.  
  • I sent my father lots of love.
  • I sent my father a lot of love.
When we use a lot of with a countable noun, do not forget the noun is in the plural with the verb in the plural.
  • There are lots of eggs.
  • There are a lot of eggs.
When we use a lot of with uncountable nouns then the noun is in the singular and the verb is in the singular.
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